Summer is approaching and that means hot weather, vacation time and hundreds of teenagers looking for summer jobs. If you are considering hiring someone under 18 years old, or already have a minor on the payroll, it is important to be familiar with the child labor rules. Mistakes can be costly and they are easy to prevent. Following are some key points to consider:

14 and 15-year olds: Minors must be at least 14 years old to work, except in some entertainment and agricultural jobs. Between June 1 and Labor Day, 14- and 15-year-olds may work a maximum of 8 hours a day and 40 hours per week which means NO overtime. Work can be performed any time between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. During the school year, they may not work more than 3 hours on school days, more than 18 hours per week, or before 7:00 a.m. and after 7:00 p.m. This age group is prohibited from working in industries such as construction, public utilities, warehousing and storage, communications, transportation and manufacturing.
16 and 17-year-olds: These teens can work a maximum of 8 hours a day and 48 hours per week, and they must receive applicable overtime. With a few exceptions, work hours must be between 5:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m., but during the summer months this age group can work as late as 12:30 a.m. During the school year, they may not work more than 4 hours on school days.
Hazardous jobs: All teens are prohibited from working in certain industries, including meatpacking, mining, logging, roofing, demolition, and pipe, brick, or tile manufacturing. Employees under the age of seventeen are prohibited from performing any job-related driving on public roadways. Additionally, minors are prohibited to work around explosives, radioactive materials, or power equipment used for baking, woodworking, hoisting, or metal formation.
Work permits: All minors must have a work permit unless they are a high school graduate or equivalent.
Wage: Must be paid at least minimum wage.
Don't be discouraged from hiring teenagers...just make sure to follow the rules! For a full text version of the Child Labor Pamphlet, please visit the California Division of Labor Standards Enforcement website at:
If you have any questions or need anything further, please don't hesitate to call. Thank you for allowing us to serve you!

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